Genesis 1:1

בראשית ברא אלהים את השמים ואת הארץ׃

Gen 1:1 [Samaritan Pentateuch]
בראשית ברא אלהים את השמים ואת הארץ׃
In the beginning Elohim created the heaven and the earth.

Gen 1:1 [Masoretic Text]
בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָֽרֶץ׃
In the beginning Elohim created the heaven and the earth.

Gen 1:1 [Targum Onkelos]
בֲקַדמִין בְרָא יְיָ יַת שְמַיָא וְיַת אַרְעָא׃
In the beginning YeYa created the heaven and the earth.

Gen 1:1 [Samaritan Targum]
בקמאותא טלמס אלהה ית שומיה וית ארעה׃
In the beginning Elaha created the heaven and the earth.

Gen 1:1 [Peshitta]
ܒܪܫܝܬ ܒܪܐ ܐܠܗܐ܂ ܝܬ ܫܡܝܐ ܘܝܬ ܐܪܥܐ܂
In the beginning Alaha created the heaven and the earth.

Gen 1:1 [Septuagint LXX]
Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἐποίησεν ὁ Θεὸς τὸν οὐρανὸν καὶ τὴν γῆν.
In the beginning God made the heaven and the earth.

Gen 1:1 [Aquila of Sinope]
Ἐν κεφαλαίῳ ἔκτισεν ὁ Θεὸς σὺν τὸν οὐρανὸν (καὶ) σὺν τὴν γῆν.
In principal God created the heaven and the earth.

σὺν is literal translation of אֵת that should not be translated in English.

Gen 1:1 [Symmachus the Ebionite]
Ἐν ἀρχῇ…
In the beginning…

Gen 1:1 [Theodotion]
Ἐν ἀρχῇ…
In the beginning…

Gen 1:1 [Old Latin Bible (Vetus Latina)]
In principio fecit Deus coelum et terram.
In the beginning God made heaven, and earth.

* The Old Latin has fecit instead of creavit. This word is usually inscribed after the name of an artist or sculptor.

Gen 1:1 [Vulgate (Jerome)]
In principio creavit Deus caelum et terram.
In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.

* YeYa is Tanakh.info’s English transliteration of יְיָ which is an abbreviation for the  Tetragrammaton YHWH or Adonay. In the Targums, the name YHWH was replaced by two “yods” with a “waw” over them, thus יוי, which letters are equal in value to YHWH (10+6+10 = 10+5+6+5= 26). At this website, יוי is printed as יְיָ.

Critical Apparatus :

Biblia Hebraica

Kittel Gen 1:1

Kittel Gen 1:1

 Samaritan Pentateuch

von Gall Gen 1:1

von Gall Gen 1:1

 

Tanakh MSS Examined

(1) Cod. Bodmer 21 (5v) (13th century AD)

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